Many people always say that natural farming is not possible. Somebody may say that people can do natural farming but natural gardening is impossible. Nobody can do so. Particularly, if anybody owns a container garden then it is certainly impossible. It is because most gardeners can not develop a beautiful garden even after the application of so many chemical fertilizers, pesticides etc. Still, they do not get the desired result. Even after so much hard work, still, there are many many plants that are not fruiting, blooming. Many plants are dying. It is because chemical farming actually needs specific knowledge. Without the proper knowledge, you can not do so. But it is not true for natural farming or gardening. It is simple and you just need a few homemade fertilizers & pesticides. But it needs your hard work. In fact, it demands much more labour than chemical farming needs. So here is a list of my organic gardening recipes for fertilizer for natural gardeners.
I realized that when a gardener knows that he will apply chemical fertilizer. Then he does not apply enough compost to the soil. Many people add a handful of compost per plant. But they think that they will apply chemical fertilizers, so nothing to worry about. But it is actually the main reason to worry.
If you do not apply enough compost fertilizer then you have to apply more chemical fertilizers. Now most of the times gardeners do not know much about which chemical fertilizer needs to be applied at what quantity on which plant. That’s it. You’re finished. I mean your plant is finished. You actually preparing a blueprint to kill your plants.
That is why I use only these below-mentioned fertilizers because I know I know less. I will apply enough organic compost fertilizer at the time of planting a plant. I normally add approx 500 gm compost in 10 inch pot.
It is a common & popular fertilizer for cow-based farming (gardening too). It is applied before sowing or planting any crop. It is prepared with 100 kg cow dung, 1 ltr cow urine, 1-2 kg jaggery, 2 kg besan, a handful of soil collected from a big tree (like peepal, badgad etc). Then mix all properly and dried up under the shade for 2-3 days.
But gardeners can not get cow dung if they are living in an urban area. That is why I used compost fertilizer (mainly vermicompost & kitchen waste compost). I prefer to use fresh & moisturized vermicompost because it contains a lot of microbes.
It is applied in the field throughout the season to maintain nutrition as well as microbes in the soil. Natural farming practitioners add 10 kg fresh cow dung, 2 kg jaggery, 2 kg besan, handful soil from a big tree to 200 ltr water and stir to mix all. Stir the solution twice a day for the next 3-4 days. After 5-6 days jeevamrit will be ready to use.
But again being a gardener, I can not get fresh cow dung in my locality. So I use mustard cake liquid fertilizer thrice a month and vermicompost tea once or twice a month. So if you are living in a city and you love gardening then you need to find a substitute for cow dung.
As we know lentils contain a significant amount of various minerals. So people extract minerals from lentils by fermentation of various lentils and spray on various crops. Now how to ferment those lentils? What lentils do you need to use? I use at least 3-4 types of lentils which are available in the kitchen, haha. I take 300 gm mixed lentils paste, 30 gm jaggery and 2-litre water. Now keep those in a bottle and cover the mouth of the bottle with a cloth. Stir the bottle twice a day for a week. It help in fermentation. After 21 days fermentation will be done. Strain it to use for foliar spray on crops. I use 5% solution for foliar spray.
Natural Plant Growth Promoter
Many people use different types of homemade plant growth promoters. Though many natural gardening practitioner says that dashparni ark (or jeevamrit too) itself works as a good plant growth promoter. But still, traditionally a few people make fruit extracts based natural plant growth promoter. Banana is the most important & popular fruit for this purpose. Though I love bananas. So whenever I bought fresh bananas for making this, I failed because I ate all. That is why nowadays I use to buy rotten bananas from the shop for almost free of cost. I add any other fruit (mango, chikoo, papaya etc) with banana. I use 500 gm fruits and 500 jaggery and make a paste of all. Then store it in a bottle for fermentation. It takes 2 weeks for fermenting. I strain it and store it for 3 months. I normally use 3% solution for foliar spray on plants. It contains various plant nutrients.